Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)

Resources for Employers and Workers

In the face of COVID-19, the Labor & Workforce Development Agency (LWDA) wants to keep workers, employers, co-workers, and families safe. What employees are entitled to may be confusing. We are trying to make it easier and spread awareness through this centralized source of information. Use the guidance below to determine what is best for you, your family, and your workplace.

guy in car with mask taking test

For additional pandemic-related resources from our departments, please visit:

Department of Industrial Relations: COVID-19 Guidance and Resource

Employment Development Department: COVID-19 Resources

Benefits for Workers Impacted by COVID-19

What employees are entitled to may be confusing. The purpose of this information is to make it easier to understand what resources may be available.

 

Program Why What Benefits More Information How to File
Disability Insurance If you’re unable to work due to medical quarantine or illness related to COVID-19 (certified by a medical professional) Short-term benefit payments to eligible workers who have a full or partial loss of wages due to a non-work-related illness, injury, or pregnancy. Approximately 60-70 percent of wages (depending on income); ranges from $50-$1,300 a week for up to 52 weeks. Learn more about your eligibility for Disability Insurance File a Disability Insurance claim
Paid Family Leave If you’re unable to work because you are caring for an ill or quarantined family member with COVID-19 (certified by a medical professional) Up to eight weeks of benefit payments to eligible workers who have a full or partial loss of wages because they need time off work to care for a seriously ill family member. Approximately 60-70 percent of wages (depending on income); ranges from $50-$1,300 a week for up to 8 weeks. Learn more about your eligibility for Paid Family Leave File a Paid Family Leave claim
Unemployment Insurance (and any extended UI benefits programs) If you have lost your job or have had your hours reduced for reasons related to COVID-19 Partial wage replacement benefit payments to workers who lose their job or have their hours reduced, through no fault of their own. Range from $40-$450 per week for up to 26 weeks (plus additional weeks under extended UI benefits programs). Learn more about your eligibility for Unemployment Insurance File an Unemployment Insurance claim
Pandemic Unemployment Assistance If you have lost your job or business or have had your hours or services reduced for reasons related to COVID-19  Partial wage replacement benefit payments for business owners, self-employed, independent contractors, those who have limited work history, those who have collected all UI benefits for which they are eligible, and others not eligible for regular UI benefits who are unemployed, partially unemployed, unable to work or unavailable to work as a direct result of COVID-19. Range from $167-$450 per week for up to 39 weeks (plus additional weeks under federal extensions). Learn more about your eligibility for Pandemic Unemployment Assistance File a Pandemic Unemployment Assistance claim
California Paid Sick Leave If you or a family member are sick or for preventive care, including when civil authorities recommend quarantine, isolation, or stay-at-home The leave you have accumulated or your employer has provided to you under the Paid Sick Leave law. This may be 1 hour accrued for every 30 hours worked or 3 days/24 hours provided per year; employer may cap accrual at 48 hours and use at 3 days or 24 hours, whichever is greater, within a 12 month period. Paid to you at your regular rate of pay or an average based on the past 90 days. Learn more about your eligibility for Paid Sick Leave If accrued sick leave is denied, file a Wage claim
California COVID-19 Supplemental Paid Sick Leave   If you’re unable to work or telework because you are: (1) subject to quarantine or isolation period related to COVID-19; (2) advised by a healthcare provider to quarantine due to COVID-19; (3) experiencing COVID-19 related symptoms and seeking a medical diagnosis; (4) attending a COVID-19 vaccine appointment; (5) experiencing symptoms related to a COVID-19 vaccine; (6) caring for a family member who is subject to a COVID-19 quarantine or isolation period; (7) caring for a family member who has been advised by a healthcare provider to quarantine due to COVID-19; or (8) caring for a child whose school or place of care is closed or unavailable due to COVID-19 on the premises. Up to 80 hours of supplemental paid sick leave for employees who work for public or private employers with more than 25 employees. Non-exempt employees: your regular rate of pay, the state minimum wage, or the local minimum wage, whichever is higher. Exempt employees: paid at same rate as your other leave. Maximum $511 per day and $5,110 in total. Learn more about your eligibility for COVID-19 Supplemental Paid Sick Leave If COVID-19 Supplemental Paid Sick Leave is denied, file a wage claim or report a labor law violation.
Federal Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) Emergency Paid Sick Leave (Expired 12/31/20)* If, prior to December 31, 2020, you were unable to work (or telework) because: (1) You were subject to a Federal, State, or local quarantine or isolation order related to COVID-19. (2) You were advised by a health care provider to self-quarantine due to concerns related to COVID-19. (3) You were experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 and seeking a medical diagnosis. (4) You were caring for an individual who was subject to an order as described in subparagraph (1) or was advised as described in paragraph (2). (5) You were caring for a child whose school or place of care was closed, or whose child care provider was unavailable, for reasons related to COVID-19. (6) You were experiencing any other substantially similar condition specified by the Secretary of Health and Human Services. For leave that was taken prior to December 31, 2020, up to 80 hours of paid sick leave for employees who work for public employers, or for private employers with fewer than 500 employees. (Some exceptions may apply, including small business exemption from providing paid leave for child care.)

For employee: Higher of regular rate or minimum wage rate, not to exceed $511 per day and $5,110 in total

For family care: 2/3 of regular rate, not to exceed $200 per day and $2,000 in total

Learn more about your eligibility for FFCRA Emergency Paid Sick Leave If paid sick leave is denied prior to 12/31/20, you may file a FFCRA Emergency Paid Sick Leave claim
Federal Families First Coronavirus Reponse Act (FFCRA) Emergency Paid Family & Medical Leave (Expired 12/31/20)* If, prior to December 31, 2020, you were unable to work (or telework) because you were caring for a child whose school or place of care was closed, or whose child care provider was unavailable, for reasons related to COVID-19. For leave taken prior to December 31, 2020, up to an additional 10 weeks of paid leave for employees who work for public employers or private employers with fewer than 500 employees. (Small business exemption may apply) 2/3 of regular rate, not to exceed $200 per day and $10,000 total Learn more about your eligibility for FFCRA Emergency Paid Family & Medical Leave If paid leave for child care was denied prior to 12/31/20, you may file a FFCRA Emergency Paid Family & Medical Leave claim
Local Government Supplemental Paid Sick Leave for COVID-19 If you live or work in the city of Los Angeles, unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County, Long Beach, San Francisco, San Jose, Oakland, San Mateo County, Sacramento, Sacramento County, Sonoma County, or Santa Rosa, you may be eligible for supplemental paid sick leave for COVID-19-related reasons if you are not covered by the FFCRA. Note that in some localities, these benefits expired on December 31, 2020. Please check your local ordinance for details. Up to 80 hours of supplemental paid sick leave for covered employees while the local law is in effect. Varies by locality.

Please visit the website of the relevant city or county for more information.

Varies by locality.
Workers’ Compensation

If you were infected with COVID-19 at work, you may be eligible for workers’ compensation benefits. Your COVID-19 illness is presumed to be work-related if: 1) you reported to your employer’s worksite between March 19 and July 5, 2020; 2) you are a first responder or health care worker in contact with COVID-19 patients; or 3) you test positive for COVID-19 during a COVID-19 outbreak at your workplace.

 

Under SB 1159, you may receive temporary disability (TD) payments after exhausting specific federal or state COVID-19 paid sick leave benefits. You may be entitled to TD payments for up to 104 weeks. TD payments stop when either you return to work, your doctor releases you for work, or your doctor says your illness has improved as much as it’s going to. TD generally pays two-thirds of the gross wages you lose while you are recovering from a work-related illness or injury, up to maximum weekly amount set by law. In addition, eligible employees are entitled to medical treatment and additional payments if a doctor determines you suffered a permanent disability because of the illness. Learn more about your eligibility for Workers’ Compensation benefits File a Workers’ Compensation claim
          3/29/2021

*Your employer is not required to provide you with FFCRA leave after December 31, 2020, but your employer may voluntarily decide to provide you such leave. The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 extended and expanded employer tax credits for paid sick leave and family and medical leave voluntarily provided to employees until September 30, 2021. However, this Act did not extend an eligible employee’s entitlement to FFCRA leave beyond December 31, 2020. Employers with questions about claiming the refundable tax credits for qualified leave wages should consult with the IRS. Information can be found on the IRS website.

Benefits Summary for Workers Impacted by COVID-19

Disability Insurance

  • If you’re unable to work due to medical quarantine or illness related to COVID-19 (certified by a medical professional)
  • Short-term benefit payments to eligible workers who have a full or partial loss of wages due to a non-work-related illness, injury, or pregnancy.
  • Approximately 60-70 percent of wages (depending on income); ranges from $50-$1,300 a week for up to 52 weeks.

Paid Family Leave

  • If you’re unable to work because you are caring for an ill or quarantined family member with COVID-19 (certified by a medical professional)
  • Up to eight weeks of benefit payments to eligible workers who have a full or partial loss of wages because they need time off work to care for a seriously ill family member.
  • Approximately 60-70 percent of wages (depending on income); ranges from $50-$1,300 a week for up to 8 weeks.

Unemployment Insurance (and any extended UI benefits programs)

  • If you have lost your job or have had your hours reduced for reasons related to COVID-19
  • Partial wage replacement benefit payments to workers who lose their job or have their hours reduced, through no fault of their own.
  • Range from $40-$450 per week for up to 26 weeks. (plus additional weeks under extended UI benefits programs).

Pandemic Unemployment Assistance

  • If you have lost your job or business or have had your hours or services reduced for reasons related to COVID-19.
  • Partial wage replacement benefit payments for business owners, self-employed, independent contractors, those who have limited work history, those who have collected all UI benefits for which they are eligible, and others not eligible for regular UI benefits who are unemployed, partially unemployed, unable to work or unavailable to work as a direct result of COVID-19.
  • Range from $167-$450 per week for up to 39 weeks (plus additional weeks under federal extensions).

California Paid Sick Leave

  • If you or a family member are sick or for preventive care, including when civil authorities recommend quarantine, isolation, or stay-at-home
  • The leave you have accumulated or your employer has provided to you under the Paid Sick Leave law. This may be 1 hour accrued for every 30 hours worked or 3 days/24 hours provided per year; employer may cap accrual at 48 hours and use at 3 days or 24 hours, whichever is greater, within a 12 month period.
  • Paid to you at your regular rate of pay or an average based on the past 90 days.

California COVID-19 Supplemental Paid Sick Leave

  • If you’re unable to work or telework because you are: (1) subject to quarantine or isolation period related to COVID-19; (2) advised by a healthcare provider to quarantine due to COVID-19; (3) experiencing COVID-19 related symptoms and seeking a medical diagnosis; (4) attending a COVID-19 vaccine appointment; (5) experiencing symptoms related to a COVID-19 vaccine; (6) caring for a family member who is subject to a COVID-19 quarantine or isolation period; (7) caring for a family member who has been advised by a healthcare provider to quarantine due to COVID-19; or (8) caring for a child whose school or place of care is closed or unavailable due to COVID-19 on the premises.
  • Up to 80 hours of supplemental paid sick leave for employees who work for public or private employers with more than 25 employees. 
  • Non-exempt employees: your regular rate of pay, the state minimum wage, or the local minimum wage, whichever is higher. Exempt employees: paid at same rate as your other paid leave. Maximum $511 per day and $5,110 in total.
  • If COVID-19 Supplemental Paid Sick Leave is denied, file a Wage claim or report a labor law violation.

Federal Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) Emergency Paid Sick Leave (Expired 12/31/2020)*

  • If, prior to December 31, 2020, you were unable to work (or telework) because: (1) You were subject to a Federal, State, or local quarantine or isolation order related to COVID-19. (2) You were advised by a health care provider to self-quarantine due to concerns related to COVID-19. (3) You were experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 and seeking a medical diagnosis. (4) You were caring for an individual who was subject to order as described in subparagraph (1) or was advised as described in paragraph (2). (5) You were caring for a child whose school or place of care was closed, or whose child care provider was unavailable, for reasons related to COVID-19. (6) You were experiencing any other substantially similar condition specified by the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
  • For leave that was taken prior to December 31, 2020, up to 80 hours of paid sick leave for employees who work for public employers or private employers with fewer than 500 employees. (Some exceptions may apply, including small business exemption from providing paid leave for child care.)
  • For employee: Higher of regular rate or minimum wage rate, not to exceed $511 per day and $5,110 in total
  • For family care: 2/3 of regular rate, not to exceed $200 per day and $2,000 in total
  • If paid sick leave was denied prior to 12/31/20, you may file a FFCRA Emergency Paid Sick Leave claim

Federal Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) Emergency Paid Family & Medical Leave (Expired 12/31/20) *

  • If, prior to December 31, 2020, you were unable to work (or telework) because you were caring for a child whose school or place of care was closed, or whose child care provider was unavailable, for reasons related to COVID-19.
  • For leave taken prior to December 31, 2020, up to an additional 10 weeks of paid leave for employees who work for public employers or private employers with fewer than 500 employees. (Some exceptions may apply, including small business exemption.)
  • 2/3 of regular rate, not to exceed $200 per day and $10,000 total
  • If paid leave for child care was denied prior to 12/31/20, you may file a FFCRA Emergency Paid Family & Medical Leave claim

Local Government Supplemental Paid Sick Leave for COVID-19

  • If you live or work in the city of Los Angeles, unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County, Long Beach, San Francisco, San Jose, Oakland, San Mateo County, Sacramento, Sacramento County, Sonoma County, or Santa Rosa, you may be eligible for supplemental paid sick leave for COVID-19-related reasons if you are not covered by the FFCRA. Note that in some localities, these benefits expired on December 31, 2020. Please check your local ordinance for details.
  • Up to 80 hours of supplemental paid sick leave for covered employees while the local law is in effect.
  • Please visit the website of the relevant city or county for more information.

Workers’ Compensation

  • If you were infected with COVID-19 at work, you may be eligible for workers’ compensation benefits. Your COVID-19 illness is presumed to be work-related if: 1) you reported to your employer’s worksite between March 19 and July 5, 2020; 2) you are a first responder or health care worker in contact with COVID-19 patients; or 3) you test positive for COVID-19 during a COVID-19 outbreak at your workplace.
  • Under SB 1159, you may receive temporary disability (TD) payments after exhausting specific federal or state COVID-19 paid sick leave benefits. You may be entitled to TD payments for up to 104 weeks. TD payments stop when either you return to work, your doctor releases you for work, or your doctor says your illness has improved as much as it’s going to.
  • TD generally pays two-thirds of the gross wages you lose while you are recovering from a work-related illness or injury, up to the maximum weekly amount set by law. In addition, eligible employees are entitled to medical treatment and additional payments if a doctor determines you suffered a permanent disability because of the illness.

*Your employer is not required to provide you with FFCRA leave after December 31, 2020, but your employer may voluntarily decide to provide you such leave. The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, extended and expanded employer tax credits for paid sick leave and family and medical leave voluntarily provided to employees until September 30, 2021. However, this Act did not extend an eligible employee’s entitlement to FFCRA leave beyond December 31, 2020. Employers with questions about claiming the refundable tax credits for qualified leave wages should consult with the IRS. Information can be found on the IRS website (http://www.irs.gov/coronavirus/new-employer-tax-credits).

Revised: March 29, 2021